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APA 7th edition - Reference guide: Monographs

Reference guide for APA 7th edition, a guide intended for students at the Univesity of Fort Hare to learn how format references according to the APA 7th edition style.



The instructions on this page are valid for references to monographs, i.e. books where all chapters have the same author(s).

If a DOI has been assigned to the book, include this number in the reference. If no DOI has been assigned and the book was accessed online from a nondatabase website, use the URL of the webpage from which it was retrieved. If the book was accessed in print or retrieved from an academic database, no URL is included.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (YYYY). Title of book (#th ed., Vol. #). Publisher. DOI or URL


In-text references  

(Beletsky, 1996)

(Fiscus & Fath, 2019)

(Townsend et al., 2008)

According to Beletsky (1996)...

Fiscus and Fath (2019) concluded...

In a book by Townsend et al. (2008)...

Reference list

Beletsky, L. (1996). The red-winged blackbird: The biology of a strongly polygenous songbird. Academic press.  

Fiscus, D. A., & Fath, B. D. (2019). Foundations for sustainability: A coherent framework of life-environment relations. Academic Press.

Townsend, C. R., Begon, M., & Harper, J. L. (2008). Essentials of ecology (3rd ed.). Blackwell.