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Harvard Referencing Style Guide: Reference by Format

This guide shows students and staff how to reference using the Harvard Referencing style.

References by format

This guide divides references into different formats for ease of use. Hover your cursor over the Reference Formats tab to select the format you want, or select from the links below.

The overarching principle in referencing or citing is that readers should be able to follow your sources if they are interested in finding out more about a topic and that you should acknowledge other authors whose ideas or information you have used.


Referencing Relationship

In text

Research defined by Jones (2002) states that self managed teams are highly productive. This statement is substantiated by Smith & Benn (2012:6) in their report...

Reference List

Jones, J, 2002, Managing small teams, Penguin, Sydney.

Smith, P & Benn, J, 2012, Report of the University of Western Australia, Small Business Working group, University of Western Australia, W.A.

What if I want to cite some information that someone else has cited?

If you read an article or book which cites some information that you want to cite, always refer to the source where you found the information, not the original source. For example:

Sue reads an article by Alex Byrne in the Australian Library Journal in which he cites or refers to statements made by Tim O'Reilly on his website at Sue wants to refer to O'Reilly's statement in her assignment.

Sue would acknowledge O'Reilly in her text but her reference is to the source where she saw the information. Sue might write as her in-text reference:

(O'Reilly, cited in Byrne 2008)

In her reference list Sue would write a reference for Byrne's article because that's where she sourced the information. The entry in her References would be:

Byrne, A 2008, 'Web 2.0 strategies in libraries and information services', The Australian Library Journal, 57 (4): 365-376.