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Harvard Referencing Style Guide: Patents and standards

This guide shows students and staff how to reference using the Harvard Referencing style.

Citing patents and standards

  • For patents the title may be more of a descriptive title rather than a formal title
  • Identifying elements such as patent/standard numbers should be included
  • If no individual author is available, a corporate author can be used in the in-text reference

Citing patents: examples

Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Example

Patent (Cookson 1985) Cookson, AH 1985, Particle trap for compressed gas insulated transmission systems, US Patent 4554399.
Patent: Retrieved From a Database (Mccallum 2008) Mccallum, JM (2008). Method for and composition of excipient suitable for use in herbal formulations and formulations derived therefrom, Australian Patent AU 2008100919. Available from: SciFinder Scholar. [8 December 2008].


Citing standards: examples

Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Standard: Retrieved From a Database (Standards Australia 2008) Standards Australia 2008, Personal floatation devices - General requirements. AS 4758.1-2008. Available from: Standards Australia Online. [1 December 2008].
Standard: Published (Standards Australia/New Zealand Standard 1994) Standards Australia 1994, Information processing - text and office systems - office document architecture (ODA) and interchange format: part 10: formal specifications, AS/NZS 3951.10:1994, Standards Australia, NSW.